Megumi Sano

Megumi Sano

This author has not yet uploaded a bio.


Journal Home All Authors
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: A Few Drinks Can Hurt

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: A Few Drinks Can Hurt


Introduction Ancient Greek and Roman writings show that newlyweds were forbidden to drink on their wedding night. Aristotle (384 - 322 BC) believed in the association between alcohol consumption during pregnancy and congenital abnormalities, describing the children of “drunken women” as “morose and languid” (Mitchell et a...

Perks of Being a Naked Mole-Rat

Perks of Being a Naked Mole-Rat


Introduction The naked mole-rat (Heterocephalus glaber) is a burrowing rodent native to East Africa, famous for its large, protruding teeth, wrinkled naked skin, and many other peculiar physical characteristics. Moreover, naked mole-rats are eusocial mammals and, live in underground colonies. Thanks to natural selection, these animals have adapt...

Pharmacology of Everyday Life

Pharmacology of Everyday Life


Caffeine     Nearly everyone understands that coffee can help people wake up in the mornings or stay awake during late nights, but far fewer understand exactly how it does this. One key pharmacological effect of caffeine is its competitive inhibition of the adenosine receptor. Adenosine, a dephosphorylated form of ATP, signals the shor...

Interview: Studying Dyslexia

Interview: Studying Dyslexia


    I had the pleasure of interviewing Dr. Guinevere Eden, Director of the Center for Study of Learning and full Professor at the Department of Pediatrics at Georgetown University Medical Center and previous President of the International Dyslexia Association. Dr. Eden talks about how she came to study dyslexia and the major role of techn...

Crossing the Blood-Brain Barrier

Crossing the Blood-Brain Barrier


Introduction A prominent difference between physiology of mammals and other species is the presence of a cerebral vascular wall. The barrier, known as the Blood-Brain Barrier (BBB), is part of the brain’s natural defense. Although the BBB prevents harmful chemicals and viruses from entering the brain, it also prohibits many drugs from acce...