Angelina Xu

Angelina Xu

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Guilty Before Proven Innocent: The Implications of Unconscious Racial Biases in the Criminal Justice System

Guilty Before Proven Innocent: The Implications of Unconscious Racial Biases in the Criminal Justice System


Abstract Although a bedrock principle of the American criminal justice system is the presumption of innocence, research shows it might not always be upheld. This paper addresses various factors that can result in unjust rulings, including the cross-race effect, fallibility in memory, and the skin tone bias. These phenomenons can unintentionally ...