Alexander Skvortsov

Alexander Skvortsov

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Dyslexia: A Summary

Dyslexia: A Summary


Introduction The ability to communicate with other creatures is and has been an enormous advantage to any species that can master it. From primitive mating calls to more complex whistles to full-fledged language, communication allows for organisms to work with each other, accomplishing as a unit what could not be done as an individual. Much of h...

Classifications of Addictions

Classifications of Addictions


Introduction Addiction is a pain that many people know all too well. It is the immense, never ending struggle of battling monstrous, undefeatable impulses. Addictions can create such a feeling of desire that even the most strong-willed person cannot resist. In fact, many people unaffected by addiction assume that those addicted to a substance or...

Basics of Neuroscience II: An Introduction to Internal Neural Communication

Basics of Neuroscience II: An Introduction to Internal Neural Communication


    Hello, readers of YNCA Journal, and welcome back to the Basics of Neuroscience course, presented by the YNCA Executive Board. In last week’s lesson, we discussed the basic structure of neurons. We also touched upon basic neural communication, discussing synapses and neurotransmitters. In this edition, we will go further in depth...

Basics of Neuroscience V: Addiction

Basics of Neuroscience V: Addiction


Introduction In society, drug abuse and addiction is often perceived as solely the result of poor life choices.  As a consequence of this view, addicts-- who are certainly suffering enough already-- are stigmatized by society.       Such a perspective flies in the face of neuroscience. A plethora of research has shown...

Basics of Neuroscience I: A Cellular View of the Brain

Basics of Neuroscience I: A Cellular View of the Brain


Introduction     Hello, reader, and welcome to the YNCA’s Basics of Neuroscience Course. This course will help provide a basic understanding of how the brain and nervous system works.  Throughout our issues, we will explain every facet of neuroscience, from the level of massive connected systems to the level of discrete cell...

A Brief History of Neuroscience

A Brief History of Neuroscience


Pre-Modern     For thousands of years, humans have been fascinated with their unique intelligence and computational abilities.  The source of this wonderful power has been a mystery since ancient times. Some early humans, recognizing the importance of the brain, drilled holes in the skulls of the diseased (in a process known as &l...

The Necessity of Sleep

The Necessity of Sleep


Introduction     The average human adult sleeps for 8 hours a night. This amounts to one third of your lifetime. Now at first glance, one might wonder: why must we spend so much time doing nothing? While it seems as if sleep is just a waste of time, a worthless period that we must spend doing absolutely nothing, those 8 hours of rest s...

Basics of Neuroscience III: Neuronal Communication

Basics of Neuroscience III: Neuronal Communication


    Hello YNCA readers, and welcome to our third Basics of Neuroscience lesson. Today, we will explain how neurons communicate with each other. Last month, we explained how each neuron acts as an independent relay stations. In this issue, we hope to discuss the molecular events underlying communication between neurons. These first three l...

Studying Memory: An Interview

Studying Memory: An Interview


I interviewed Ethan Solomon, a PhD student at the University of Pennsylvania’s Computational Memory Lab, where he conducts research on the electrophysiology of memory.   Alexander- What made you interested in neuroscience? Ethan- I don't understand how anybody could not be interested in neuroscience! Understanding the brain ...

Psychogenic Amnesia

Psychogenic Amnesia


Introduction     Amnesia, or “a condition in which a person is unable to remember things because of brain injury, shock, or illness”{1} is among the most common cause of memory loss, worldwide. This condition includes several distinct types of memory loss, including anterograde amnesia, or inability t0 form long term m...

Parasomnias: Sleep Abnormalities

Parasomnias: Sleep Abnormalities


 Sleep is an essential part of life. As described in our article on the necessity of sleep, sleep is extremely important to our physical, mental, and emotional wellbeing. However, sleep isn’t always the tranquil resting place that it should be. We are sometimes disturbed in our sleep by conditions known as parasomnias. Parasomnias, a wor...

Lewy Body Dementia

Lewy Body Dementia


    Robin Williams was a well-known actor, comedian, and philanthropist. Starring in movies such as Dead Poet’s Society and Good WIll Hunting, as well as numerous shows and standup comedy productions, Robin was widely considered one of the best comedians of the late 20th century, and embodied the very heart and soul of comedy. &n...

Basics of Neuroscience IV: Learning and Memory

Basics of Neuroscience IV: Learning and Memory


Hello YNCA readers, and welcome to our fourth Basics of Neuroscience lesson. Today, we will explain how neuronal bonds grow and decrease in strength to form memories and allow us to learn. Last month, we explained the molecular and chemical basis for neural communication, and provided a basic overview of the most common neurotransmitters and neuror...

Basics of Neuroscience VI: An Introduction to Neuroanatomy

Basics of Neuroscience VI: An Introduction to Neuroanatomy


Introduction Like most complex organ systems, the nervous system is composed of many parts. One can consider the brain on the scale of hemispheres, regions, neural circuits, individual neurons, or even on molecules. In previous editions of Basics of Neuroscience, we have considered the cellular composition of the brain, neural communication (bot...